Orthodontics is the branch of dentistry that deals with the correction of improper position of the teeth and jaw bone, resulting in the ongoing development of the child and in later life. Orthodontic irregularities can be acquired but may be the result of inherited traits. The most common orthodontic irregularities are:
progenia (undershot), reverse overbite, open and crossbite. These deformities can have an impact on the process of chewing and digestion, but their greatest impact on the aesthetic appearance and consequently on the psyche and self-esteem of the individual.
Spotting orthodontic problems
To detect orthodontic irregularities can act preventively during the development of the child, to prevent further deformity and direct proper growth of teeth. After X-ray examination and identification of anomalies can be accessed by orthodontic treatment. Jaw bone is subject to reconstruction, just as it can warp and so can be corrected. Biomechanics is the branch of medicine that deals with the study among other things, the impact force to the bone in various stages of development. Many people are not aware of the fact that the correction can be made in later years.
Orthodontic appliances, MOBILE or FIXED today achieved remarkable results. The choice and type of device (MOBILE or FIXED), depending on the diagnosis, the age at which it is desired to conduct therapy and physical abilities of the patient. Mobile appliances today are made by taste of young people and have them in yellow, red, blue, and clear, colorful and even with the star. Wearing these devices bring satisfaction to children and motivate them to adhere to the prescribed therapy, which is successful and shorter. In any case, early prevention and treatment will assist rapid and successful correction of irregularities of the teeth and jaw.
The emergence of orthodontic problems
The occurrence of orthodontic problems, influence and bad habits of the child. One of the most common bad habit is sucking the thumb, fingers, then mouth breathing, sucking the case, pressing a tongue on the teeth, holding a pen in his mouth during learning, akimbo hand on his cheek, planting a hand under the cheek during sleep, sleep mode, etc.. MOMS, WORRY ABOUT NICE AND PROPER CHILD SMILE SINCE BIRTH, REMOVE HARMFUL AND UNSUITABLE HABITS AND DO PREVENTION.
Orthodontics for Adults
The adults are mainly fixed orthodontic appliances. Since the adult price good appearance during orthodontic treatment, the orthodontist on the market today can choose from a small lock and translucent materials that significantly reduces the visibility of the device.
Implementation of orthodontic treatment can be accurately planned, a period of wearing the device all over the cuts. With a well-motivated patient and regular arrivals for scheduled orthodontic appointments today orthodontic treatment in adults is shorter than it used to take. Many cosmetic and functional changes and possible to achieve in less than a year of wearing the device. Using modern materials and professional conduct of orthodontic treatment the vast majority of orthodontic treatment in adults is completed in less than 2 years. After this period the following retention.
Adult patient is an active participant in orthodontic treatment. The orthodontist will of adult patients to find out what they want from orthodontic treatment, they most dislike, and what they would like to change. Their desire to medically necessary procedures will be incorporated into an individualized orthodontic treatment.
Today, orthodontic movement is increasingly used as a preparation for fixed prosthetics or implants.
After the loss of teeth, adjacent teeth leaning into the newly created space and the placement of the bridge some teeth can be a disadvantage. Preprosthetic orthodontic treatment before laying the bridge straightens teeth and are positioned in places that are ideal for the transmission of force to the bone and improves the durability of the prosthetic. Very often, in cases where missing some teeth, fixed orthodontics can replace restoration or allow placement of implants.
In the esthetic zone, very often due to loss or prirodenog missing teeth is not possible to achieve an aesthetically pleasing solution without orthodontic movement of individual teeth. Also, the loss of the support zone and a reduced amount of bite there is not enough space for the crowns on the front teeth. Such orthodontic treatment adapts to the requirements of the dentist who is planning the production of prosthetics.
When planning orthodontic treatment plans to setup implants or bridges in cooperation with the dentist. Shortly after orthodontic treatment approach to construction of dentures.
Orthodontics for Children
Orthodontics or jaw orthopedics is a specific branch of dentistry. While previously limited only to children and young people, today is the application and the elderly. Most cases occur because of malfunctions but significant number of patients coming and for cosmetic reasons. In some patients before posting orthopedic appliances and prostheses must do and certain surgical preparation. Common to all therapeutic methods is that with longer wearing orthopedic device achieves better effect. This is a major problem in children and young adults, especially in puberty. For various reasons, do not follow the advice of doctors and thus compromise the effect of therapy. Orthodontic problems can be caused by a genetic anomaly or may be the result of bad habits (thumb sucking, biting objects, etc..). In therapy, the division performed on fixed and mobile devices.